Previous Year Questions -culture

1)

With reference to the famous Sattriya dance, consider the following statements:

  1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance and drama.
  2. It is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.
  3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir and Mirabai.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

2)

With reference to the cultural history of India, the term ‘Panchayatan’ refers to


A) an assembly of village elders
B) a religious sect
C) a style of temple construction
D) an administrative functionary

3)

With reference to India’s culture and tradition, what is ‘Kalaripayattu’?


A) It is an ancient Bhakti cult of Shaivism still prevalent in some parts of South India
B) It is an ancient style bronze and brasswork still found in southern part of Coromandel area
C) It is an ancient form of dance-drama and a living tradition in the northern part of Malabar
D) It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India

4)

Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?


A) Vihara is a place of worship, while Chaitya is the dwelling place of the monks
B) Chaitya is a place of worship, while Vihara is the dwelling place of the monks
C) Chaitya is the stupa at the far end of the cave, while Vihara is the hall axial to it
D) There is no material difference between the two

5)

How do you distinguish between Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam dances?

1. Dancers occasionally speaking dialogues is found in Kuchipudi dance but not in Bharatanatyam.

2. Dancing on the brass plate by keeping the feet on its edges is a feature of Bharatanatyam but Kuchipudi dance does not have such a form of movements.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

6)

Consider the following historical places:

  1. Ajanta Caves
  2. Lepakshi Temple
  3. Sanchi Stupa

Which of the above places is / are also known for mural paintings?


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) None

7)

With reference to the cultural history of India, the term ‘Panchayatan’ refers to

1. an assembly of village elders

2. a religious sect’

3. a style of temple construction

4. an administrative functionary


A) an assembly of village elders
B) a religious sect
C) a style of temple construction
D) an administrative functionary

8)

With reference to the history of philosophical thought in India, consider the following statements regarding Sankhya school:

1 .Sankhya does not accept the theory of rebirth or transrmigration of soul.

2. Sankhya holds that it is the self-knowledge that leads to liberation and not any exterior influence or agent.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

9)

Consider the following pairs:

Famous shrine Location

1. Tabo monastery and temple complex Spiti Valley

2. Lhotsava Lhakhang temple, Nako Zanskar Valley

3. Alchi temple complex Ladakh

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

10)

With reference to India’s culture and tradition, what is ‘Kalaripayattu’?


A) It is an ancient Bhakti cult of Shaivism still prevalent in some parts of South India
B) It is an ancient style bronze and brasswork still found in southern part of Coromandel area
C) It is an ancient form of dance-drama and a living tradition in the northern part of Malabar
D) It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India

11)

With reference to the famous Sattriya dance, consider the following statements:

1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance and drama.

2. It is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.

3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir and Mirabai.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

12)

Consider the following statements:

1. ‘Bijak’ is a composition of the teachings of Saint Dadu Dayal.

2. The Philosophy of Pushti Marg was propounded by Madhvacharya.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

13)

With reference to the Indian history of art and culture, consider the following pairs:

Famous work of sculpture Site

1. A grand image of Buddha’s Mahaparinirvana with numerous Ajanta

celestial musicians above

2. A huge image of Varaha Avatar (boar incarnation) of Vishnu, Mount Abu

as he rescues

3. “Arjuna’s Penance” /”Descent of Ganga” sculpted Mamallapuramon the surface of huge boulders

Which of the pairs given above is/ are correctly matched?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

14)

A community of people called Manganiyars is well-known for their


A) martial arts in North-East India
B) musical tradition in North-West India
C) classical vocal music in South India
D) pietra dura tradition in Central India

15)

With reference to Dhrupad, one of the major traditions of India that has been kept alive for centuries, which of the following statements are correct?

  1. Dhrupad originated and developed in the Rajput kingdoms during the Mughal period.
  2. Dhrupad is primarily a devotional and spiritual music.
  3. Dhrupad Alap uses Sanskrit syllables from Mantras.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) None of the above is correct

16)

A popular feature of Mughal period was ‘Naqqar Khana’. What is it?


A) Stepped pulpit in the Jama Masjid or Friday mosque from where the khutba was read.
B) Drum house from where ceremonial music was played
C) A shrine of square plan
D) An occasional meeting place where especial guests were welcomed

17)

With reference to Dhrupad, one of the major traditions of India that has been kept alive for centuries, which of the following statements are correct?

1. Dhrupad originated and developed in the Rajput kingdoms during the Mughal period.

2. Dhrupad is primarily a devotional and spiritual music.

3. Dhrupad Alap uses Sanskrit syllables from Mantras.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) None of the above is correct

18)

Samsara’ is associated with which of the following

1. Buddhism

2. Jainism

3. Hinduism

Select the correct option


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 1,2 and 3
D) 2 and 3 only

19)

With reference to Koodiyattom, consider the following statements

1. It is a classical Tamil theatre tradition, believed to be 2000 years old

2. This art form is played with music and dance along with natya.

3. It is officially recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity.

Identify the correct statements?


A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 2 only
D) 3 only

20)

In the context of cultural history of India, a pose in dance and dramatics called ‘Tribhanga’ has been a favourite of Indian artists from ancient times till today. Which one of the following statements best describes this pose?


A) One leg is bent and the body is slightly but oppositely curved at waist and neck
B) Facial expressions, hand gestures and make-up are combined to symbolize certain epic or historic characters
C) Movements of body, face and hands are used to express oneself or to tell a story
D) A little smile, slightly curved waist and certain hand gestures are emphasized to express the feelings of love or eroticism

21)

Consider the following historical places:

1. Ajanta Caves

2. Lepakshi Temple

3. Sanchi Stupa

Which of the above places is / are also known for mural paintings?


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) None

22)

Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes


A) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
B) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
C) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory
D) Both the statements (a) and (b) are correct in this context

23)

In the context of cultural history of India, a pose in dance and dramatics called ‘Tribhanga’ has been a favourite of Indian artists from ancient times till today. Which one of the following statements best describes this pose?


A) One leg is bent and the body is slightly but oppositely curved at waist and neck
B) Facial expressions, hand gestures and make-up are combined to symbolize certain epic or historic characters
C) Movements of body, face and hands are used to express oneself or to tell a story
D) A little smile, slightly curved waist and certain hand gestures are emphasized to express the feelings of love or eroticism

24)

Consider following pairs

  1. Garba : Gujarat
  2. Mohiniattam : Odisha
  3. Yakshagana : Karnataka

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

25)

How do you distinguish between Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam dances?

  1. Dancers occasionally speaking dialogues is found in Kuchipudi dance but not in Bharatanatyam.
  2. Dancing on the brass plate by keeping the feet on its edges is a feature of Bharatanatyam but Kuchipudi dance does not have such a form of movements.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

26)

With reference to the history of Indian rock-cut architecture, consider the following statements:

  1. The caves at Badami are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India.
  2. The Barabar rock-cut caves were originally made for Ajivikas by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.
  3. At Ellora, caves were made for different faiths.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

27)

With reference to India’s culture and tradition, what is “Chenda”?


A) It is a type of flute
B) It is a cylindrical musical drum
C) It is a type of puppetry found in South India
D) It is an ancient music form prevalent in Western India

28)

Consider the following languages:

  1. Gujarati
  2. Kannada
  3. Telugu

Which of the above has/have been declared as ‘Classical Language / Languages’ by the Government?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 3 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

29)

With reference to “Sankirtana”, consider the following

1. Ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur

2. It encompasses an array of arts performed to mark religious occasions and various stages in the life of the Vaishnav people of Manipur plains.

3. It is practiced at the centre of a temple, where performers narrate the lives and deeds of Krishna through songs and dance

4. It is inscribed on the Representative List of the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Incorrect statement is/are


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1, 2 and 3
C) All
D) None

30)

Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was


A) the mosque for the use of Royal Family
B) Akbar’s private chamber prayer
C) the hall in which Akbar held discussions with scholars of various religions
D) the room in which the nobles belonging to different religions gathered to discuss religious affairs.