Previous Year Questions -geography

1)

Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct?

1. They are generally red in colour.

2. They are rich in nitrogen and potash.

3. They are well-developed in Rajasthan and UP.

4. Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well on these soils.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.


A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 2, 3 and 4
C) 1 and 4
D) 2 and 3 only

2)

Consider the following statements:
1.The duration of the monsoon decreases from southern India to northern India.
2.The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

3)

Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface, because

1. the atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth’s surface

2. there is more moisture in the upper atmosphere

3. the air is less dense in the upper atmosphere

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

4)

What is die difference between asteroids and comets?

1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.

2. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.

3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1 and 3 only
C) 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

5)

What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?

1. Bangkok

2. Hanoi

3. Jakarta

4. Singapore

Select the correct answer using the code given below.


A) 4-2-1-3
B) 3-2-4-1
C) 3-4-1-2
D) 4-3-2-1

6)

Consider the following statements:
1. Natural gas occurs in the Gondwana beds.
2. Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma.
3. Dharwars are famous for petroleum.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 and 2
B) 2 only
C) 2 and 3
D) None

7)

Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

Geographical Feature Region


A) Abyssinian Plateau : Arabia
B) AtlasMountains : North-Western Africa
C) Guiana Highlands : South-Western Africa
D) OkavangoBasin : Patagonia

8)

Which of the following is/are unique characteristic/characteristics of equatorial forests?

1. Presence of tall, closely set trees with crowns forming a continuous canopy

2. Coexistence of a large number of species

3. Presence of numerous varieties of epiphytes

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

9)

On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion


A) is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds
B) is found in freshwater lakes and rivers
C) exists as groundwater
D) exists as soil moisture

10)

La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from El Nino?

  1. La Nina is characterised by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas El Nino is characterised by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
  2. El Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

11)

Consider the following rivers:

1. Barak

2. Lohit

3. Subansiri

Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

12)

Consider the following pairs

1. Dampa Tiger Reserve : Mizoram

2. Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary : Sikkim

3. Saramati Peak : Nagaland

Which of the above pairs is /are correctly matched?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

13)

Which one of the following is the characteristic climate of the Tropical Savannah Region?


A) Rainfall throughout the year
B) Rainfall in winter only
C) An extremely short dry season
D) A definite dry and wet season

14)

Consider the following factors:

1. Rotation of the Earth

2. Air pressure and wind

3. Density of ocean water

4. Revolution of the Earth

Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1, 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 4 only
D) 2, 3 and 4 only

15)

Turkey is located between


A) Black Sea and Caspian Sea
B) Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
C) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
D) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea

16)

During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the:

1. meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky

2. lightning that separates the nimbus clouds

3. violent upward movement of air and water particles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) None of the above produces the thunder

17)

With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced
2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
3. In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

18)

Consider the following crops

1.Cotton

2. Groundnut

3. Rice

4.Wheat

Which of these are Kharif crops?


A) 1 and 4 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1, 2 and 3 only
D) 2, 3 and 4 only

19)

A layer in the Earth’s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why?

1. The presence of ozone causes the reflection of radio waves to Earth.

2. Radio waves have a very long wavelength.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

20)

Every year, a month long ecologically important campaign/festival is held during which certain communities/ tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees. Which of the following are such communities/tribes?


A) Bhutia and Lepcha
B) Gond and Korku
C) lrula and Toda
D) Sahariya and Agariya

21)

“Climate is extreme, rainfall is scanty and the people used to be nomadic herders.” The above statement best describes which of the following regions?


A) African Savannah
B) Central Asian Steppe
C) North American Prairie
D) Siberian Tundra

22)

With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.

2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.

3. In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

23)

The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U” turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to


A) Uplift of folded Himalayan series
B) Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas
C) Geo-tectonic disturbance in the tertiary folded mountain chains
D) Both (a) and (b) above

24)

Consider the following pairs :
Tribe State

1. Limboo (Limbu) : Sikkim

2. Karbi : Himachal Pradesh

3. Dongaria : Odisha

4. Bonda : Tamil Nadu

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?


A) 1 and 3 only
B) 2 and 4 only
C) 1, 3 and 4 only
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

25)

The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where:


A) warm and cold atmospheric currents meet
B) rivers drain out large amounts of fresh water into the sea
C) warm and cold oceanic currents meet
D) continental shelf is undulating

26)

What could be the main reason/reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt?

1. It is located in the sub-tropical high pressure cells.

2. It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

27)

Which of the following can be threats to the biodiversity of a geographical area?

1. Global warming
2. Fragmentation of habitat
3.Invasion of alien species
4. Promotion of vegetarianism

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1, 2 and 3 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 4 only
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

28)

Consider the following pairs

Region often in news Country

1. Chechnya Russian Federation

2. Darfur Mali

3. Swat Valley Iraq

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

29)

Among the following States, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field?


A) Andhra Pradesh
B) Arunachal Pradesh
C) Madhya Pradesh
D) Uttar Pradesh

30)

What is die difference between asteroids and comets?

1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.

2. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.

3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1 and 3 only
C) 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3