Previous Year Questions -polity

1)

In the Parliament of India, the purpose of an adjournment motion is


A) to allow a discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance
B) to let opposition members collect information from the ministers
C) to allow a reduction of specific amount in demand for grant
D) to postpone the proceedings to check the inappropriate or violent behaviour on the part of some members

2)

Consider the following statements:

  1. National Development Council is an organ of the Planning Commission.
  2. The Economic and Social Planning is kept in the Concurrent List in the Constitution of India.
  3. The Constitution of India prescribes that Panchayats should be assigned the task of preparation of plans for economic development and social justice.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1,2 and 3

3)

Consider the following statements :

In India, a Metropolitan Planning Committee

  1. is constituted under the provisions of the Constitution of India.
  2. prepares the draft development plans for metropolitan area.
  3. has the sole responsibility for implementing Government sponsored schemes in the metropolitan area.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 2 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

4)

The Parliament can make any law for whole or any part of India for implementing international treaties


A) with the consent of all the States
B) with the consent of the majority of States
C) with the consent of the States concerned
D) without the consent of any State

5)

Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?

  1. A dispute between the Government of India and one or more States
  2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the Parliament or that of Legislature of a State
  3. A dispute between the Government of India and a Union Territory
  4. A dispute between two or more States

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 4
D) 3 and 4

6)

What is the difference between “vote-on-account” and “interim budget”?

  1. The provision of a “vote-on-account” is used by a regular Government, while an “interim budget” is a provision used by a caretaker Government.
  2. A “vote-on-account” only deals with the expenditure in Government’s budget, while an “interim budget” includes both expenditure and receipts.

Which of the statements; given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

7)

In India, if a religious sect/community is given “the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to?

1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.

2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to LokSabha.

3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

8)

India is home to lakhs of persons with disabilities. What are the benefits available to them under me law?

  1. Free schooling till the age of 18 years in government-run schools.
  2. Preferential allotment of land for getting up business.
  3. Ramps in public buildings.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

9)

Consider the following statements: (2013)

The Parliamentary Committee on Public Accounts

1. consists of not more than 25 Members of the LokSabha

2. scrutinizes appropriation finance accounts of Government

3. examines the report Comptroller and Auditor and General of India

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

10)

The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the


A) Morley-Minto Reforms, 1909
B) Montagu-Chelmsford Act, 1919
C) Government of India Act, 1935
D) Indian Independence Act, 1947

11)

Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?

1. A dispute between the Government of India and one or more States

2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the Parliament or that of Legislature of a State

3. A dispute between the Government of India and a Union Territory

4. A dispute between two or more States

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 4
D) 3 and 4

12)

Who among the following constitute the National Development Council?

  1. The Prime Minister
  2. The Chairman, Finance Commission
  3. Ministers of the Union Cabinet
  4. Chief Ministers of the States

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1, 2 and 3 only
B) 1, 3 and 4 only
C) 2 and 4 only
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

13)

With what purpose is the-Government of India promoting the concept of “Mega Food Parks”?

  1. To provide good infrastructure facilities for the food processing industry-
  2. To increase the processing of perishable items and reduce wastage.
  3. To provide emerging and eco-friendly food processing technologies to entrepreneurs.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

14)

Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?


A) Second Schedule
B) Fifth Schedule
C) Eighth Schedule
D) Tenth Schedule

15)

The Constitution (Seventy-Third Amendment) Act, 1992, which aims at promoting the Panchayati Raj Institutions in the country, provides for which of the following?

  1. Constitution of District Planning Committees.
  2. State Election Commissions to conduct all panchayat elections.
  3. Establishment of State Finance Commissions.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

16)

All revenues received by the Union. Government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of Government business are credited to the:


A) Contingency Fund of India
B) Public Account
C) Consolidated Fund of India
D) Deposits and Advances Fund

17)

If National Water Mission is properly and completely implemented, how will it impact the country?

1. Part of the water needs of urban areas will be met through recycling of wastewater.

2. The water requirements of coastal cities with inadequate alternative sources of water will be met by adopting appropriate technologies that allow for the use of ocean water.

3. All the rivers of Himalayan origin will be linked to the rivers of peninsular India,

4. The expenses incurred by farmers for digging bore-wells and for installing motors and pump-sets to draw groundwater will be completely reimbursed by the Government.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 3 and 4 only
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

18)

In the context of India, which of the following principles is/are implied institutionally in the parliamentary government?

  1. Members of the Cabinet are Members of the Parliament.
  2. Ministers hold the office till they enjoy confidence in the Parliament.
  3. Cabinet is headed by the Head of the State.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 3 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

19)

The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court of India is vested in


A) The President of India
B) The Parliament
C) The Chief Justice of India
D) The Law Commission

20)

Among the following who are eligible to benefit from the “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act”?


A) Adult members of only the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households
B) Adult members of below poverty line (BPL) households
C) Adult members of households of all backward communities
D) Adult members of any household

21)

With reference to consumers’ rights/ privileges under the provisions of law in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Consumers are empowered to take samples for food testing.

2. When a consumer files a complaint in any consumer forum, no fee is required to be paid.

3. In case of death of a consumer, his/her legal heir can file a complaint in the consumer forum on his/her behalf.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

22)

Consider the following statements

1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the LokSabha only.

2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislature of all the States of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

23)

The Parliament can make any law for whole or any part of India for implementing international treaties


A) with the consent of all the States
B) with the consent of the majority of States
C) with the consent of the States concerned
D) without the consent of any State

24)

The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 was enacted in consonance with which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India?
1. Right to healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under Article21

2. Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes under Article 275(1)

3. Powers and functions of Gram Sabha as mentioned under Article 243(A)

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

25)

Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?


A) Second Schedule
B) Fifth Schedule
C) Eighth Schedule
D) Tenth Schedule

26)

With reference to the Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements :

1. The orders of the Delimitation Commission cannot be challenged in a Court of Law.

2. When the orders of the Delimitation Commission are laid before the LokSabha or State Legislative Assembly, they cannot effect any modifications in the orders.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2

27)

What is the provision to safeguard the autonomy of the Supreme Court of India?

  1. While appointing the Supreme Court Judges, the President of India has to consult the Chief Justice of India.
  2. The Supreme Court Judges can be removed by the Chief Justice of India only.
  3. The salaries of the Judges are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India to which the legislature does not have to vote.
  4. All appointments of officers and staffs of the Supreme Court of India are made by the Government only after consulting the Chief Justice of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 and 3 only
B) 3 and 4 only
C) 4 only
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

28)

Regarding the office of the LokSabha Speaker, consider the following statements:

  1. He/She holds the office during the pleasure of the President.
  2. He/She need not be a member of the House at the time of his/her election but has to become a member of the House within six months from the date of his/her election.
  3. If he/she intends to resign, the letter of his/her resignation has to be addressed to the Deputy Speaker.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?


A) 1 and 2 only
B) 3 only
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) None

29)

A deadlock between the LokSabha and the RajyaSabha calls for a joint sitting of the Parliament during the passage of

  1. Ordinary Legislation
  2. Money Bill
  3. Constitution Amendment Bill

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :


A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3

30)

With reference to National Legal Services Authority, consider the following statements :

1. Its objective is to provide free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society on the basis of equal opportunity.

2. It issues guidelines for the State Legal Services Authorities to implement the legal programmes and schemes throughout the country.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2